James Larkin is known in the world for being an influential union organizer, a communist agitator, powerful orator and he also helped found the Irish Citizen Army. Jim Larkin was born in January 1874 in Liverpool, and his parents were Irish. He went to school and began working at a very young age so that he could supplement the meager income for his family.
He at one time worked as a docker and had several attempts of going to North America as a stowaway. He also suffered an accident when he was working, and at the time of recuperation, he decided to study socialism. It would later help him fight against the mistreatment of workers making him stand out from the crowd and be seen as a liberator.
After working as a docker for some years, he and fellow workers organized a strike in Liverpool, but his position was a foreman and was dismissed by the employers. After the dismissal, The National Union of Dock Laborers organized, and he was allowed to move to Britain and Ireland where he was doing campaigns. Read more: James Larkin | Biography
He was the person on the front row in instigating strikes in 1907. Jim Larkin talked to the police, and they were convinced that the workers were underpaid and the police went on strike together with the workers. He later went to Dublin, and in 1908 he started the Irish Transport and General Workers Union.
Larkin was then sentenced to one year in prison because of a court case of misuse of funds, but after just three months he was pardoned and released.
In 1912, he helped start the Labor Party and by 1913 the union and increased its members to over 20,000. In August the same year, he led Dublin workers to battle William Martin and Dublin employers during the Lockout.
There was a lot of police brutality during the strike that was organized by Jim Larkin, and this led to Irish Citizen Army which was organized by James Connolly, Captain Jack White, and Larkin.
During the Lockout, Jim suffered mentally and physically, and Connolly invited him to US tour where he organized a lecture. Larkin stayed in the US for seven years and during this time he was involved with the Socialist Party of America. He was paid by the Germans to campaign against the US starting a war with Europe.
In 1918, the Russian Revolution had succeeded, and Larkin devoted himself to working for communism, and he was sent to prison and sentenced ten years in prison for anarchy, but it was only after three years that he was pardoned and deported.